Common Dental Procedures
Oral Cancer Examination
Oral cancer starts in the cells of the mouth, tongue or throat. Oral cancer screening is usually a routine part of a dental examination. In this exam, your dentist will feel for lumps or irregular tissue changes in your neck, head, face, and inside your mouth. Your dentist will also look for sores or discolored tissue in your mouth.
Root Canal Treatment
Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gum and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder and reversible form; periodontal disease is often more severe. In some cases, gum surgery will be required to reverse the effect of the disease.
An Invisalign technology or dental braces are devices used to correct the alignment of teeth and bite-related problems (including deep bite, open bite, crossbite , etc.). Invisalign are clear retainers that have no metal parts or wires. Invisalign retainers straighten teeth by exerting steady pressure on the teeth, correct rotated teeth and improve esthetic.
A fixed bridge replaces one or more missing teeth. It is called a “bridge” because it covers a gap, and the bridge is supported by teeth or implants on one or both sides of that gap. The supporting teeth or implants are sometimes called abutments. In this procedure, each abutment is prepared to receive full crowns or caps. When completed, the bridge is cemented into position over the supporting abutments
Many people assume they will wear dentures eventually. However, with proper care, your teeth can easily last a lifetime. That said, should you lose the majority of your teeth, dentures can replace them and restore your smile.
And even if you are only missing a few of your natural teeth, you may want to think about filling out your smile with dentures. They can help you look younger while providing support to your cheeks and lips. Dentures aid in speaking, chewing and swallowing. Visit your dentist to find out if dentures are right for you.
Types of Dentures
There are two types of dentures: full and partial. Each type is made from an impression of the wearer’s mouth. Once the mold is made, the measurements are sent off to a dental lab to be made into permanent dentures. Dentures could be secured by attaching to or fitting over any remaining natural teeth or implants.
- Clean dentures over a water-filled sink to prevent damage if they are dropped
- Place a small amount of liquid hand soap on the denture brush and brush all surfaces, including the clasps on a partial denture
- Rinse well with water
- Store dry in a labelled denture cup
- To re-insert dentures, wet first with water to prevent discomfort
Crowns and Caps
A crown or cap is a cover that fits over a tooth that has been damaged by decay, broken, badly stained or mis-shaped. It is prepared by your dentist, and usually requires more than one visit to complete.
A crown can be made of Zirconia, acrylic, metal, porcelain, or porcelain bonded to metal. All-porcelain crowns look more like your natural teeth, and therefore are usually used for front teeth, while Zirconia or porcelain bonded to metal is stronger and better for crowns in the back of the mouth. Zirconia requires less tooth cutting, strong material and cosmetically looks good.
Sometimes all-metal crowns are used for back teeth because of the metal’s strength.
To prepare your tooth for a crown, the tooth is first frozen with anesthesia, and then filed down so the cap can fit over it. An impression of the teeth and gums is made, and a temporary cap is fitted over the tooth until the permanent crown is ready.
On your next visit, the dentist will remove the temporary cap and cement the crown onto the tooth. The crown will closely match the colour and shape of your natural teeth.
Many Canadians are looking to brighten their smile. The colour of teeth can darken with age and accumulation of surface stains. There are a number of whitening options available to consumers. The best way to learn about these is to talk to your dentist. Your dentist can explain the pros and cons of whitening toothpastes, at home whitening that occurs under a dentist’s care, and in-office whitening. Your dentist will consider your unique oral health conditions and can advise you on which, if any, is a suitable method for whitening your teeth.
Start a Great Daily Oral Health Regime
- Brush your teeth at least twice daily
- Floss and clean between your teeth once daily
- Schedule regular dental exams and cleanings with your dentist
- Limit consumption of drinks that can cause surface stains, such as red wine, coffee and tea
- Cease habits such as smoking and chewing tobacco
For this procedure, a dentist mixes composite resin — a type of plastic — into a paste, then tints the mixture to whiten or match the color of your teeth. Several layers of resin are applied to each tooth. Each layer is hardened under an ultraviolet light or laser. Final steps include shaping and polishing the resin material so the finished tooth looks natural and smooth.
Bonding can also be used to build up older teeth to make them appear younger. Bonding is an option for people of all ages, including children, as the resin can be replaced as teeth grow.
With a bit of contouring, veneers may also correct slightly crowded or overlapping teeth. If your teeth have discoloured with age, a veneer may improve their appearance.
Veneers can also be used for cosmetic reasons instead of crowns, which are more often used for badly damaged or decayed teeth. The tooth enamel needs to be ground down slightly in order to accommodate the veneer.
Veneer preparations frequently require the use of local anesthetic and, depending on colour and shade, may take more than one appointment to complete.
It is the treatment of children’s teeth of all ages including preventive, restoration, sealant, fillings, and silver crowns all to save the baby teeth until permanent teeth appear. Treatment can be with laughing gas or not.
The best time to start pediatric dentistry care is as soon as the first baby tooth has appeared or right after the first birthday of the child.